High energy use is the main problem in wireless sensor network. To curb this problem, different criteria has been implied to restore and optimize energy in the line of transmission. One of the criteria is by means of simulation. Simulation takes note of algorithms to impart or trace efficient energy transmission paths. It’s the most economical technique which has been applied by many technology technicians to optimize energy in WSN. It also give a better approximation of signal and energy transmitted in the network.
Basing on literature done by many researchers on energy routing protocols, it’s found out that minimum total transmission power routing and minimum battery cost routing, are the keys to optimize energy in wireless sensor network as implied by simulation technique. The two routings are linked or connected to WSN and the signal run through the base station. The counteract effect from the station enhance the capacity and intense to optimize energy in the system. At the onset of enhancement, the total energy optimized is a bit lower, but after the two routings are linked to the base station and the signal transmitted, the energy capacity optimized is seen to have increased when read on the metering device.
The routings are speculated to have a lifelong effect on the duration of WSN, though not yet proven. The researches are still underway, when done clear results will be revealed. From previous researches, it has been found there’s a closer relationship between energy efficiency and network lifetime.
Remember, the two routings wouldn’t cooperate without the sensor nodes. They’re the ones which receive, store and send information to and from the base station. So the technicians are expected to check and replace dead nodes with lifetime sensor nodes. The higher the number of lifetime sensor nodes in WSN, the higher the energy optimized. Conversely, the higher the number of dead nodes in the network, the lower the energy optimized.
The components of the network also include; Cluster heads, sub cluster heads , number of rounds, and energy packets. When an event is in progress, individual components link to one another and relay information to the base station.